The Shadow of Things to Come

The tent and the Temple, along with the sacrificial system, were a shadow of what Jesus ultimately did for humans. We are indebted to this process because it would be very difficult to understand Jesus’ ministry without it.

In today’s YouTube video, Rudy Ross explains the various elements of the tent. He also applies them to our experience of the Lord in a very fine fashion.

My article today will examine the Old Testament Scriptures that form the background for Hebrews 9.1-5. I don’t have space to include the full text and I recommend that you read the references to gain the complete picture.

The Lampstand (Exodus 25.31-40)

Verse 31 – You shall make a lampstand of pure gold.

Verse 37 – You shall make seven lamps for it, and the lamps shall be set up so as to give light on the space in front of it.

Verse 40 – And see that you make them according to the pattern for them, which is being shown you on the mountain.

Jesus said, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness but will have the light of life” (John 8.12).

About “light,” John wrote, “God is light and in him there is no darkness at all.

“If we say that we have fellowship with him while we are walking in darkness, we lie and do not do what is true;

But if we walk in the light as he himself is in the light, we have fellowship with one another, and the blood of Jesus his Son cleanses us from all sin” (1 John 1.5-7).

The Table for the Bread of the Presence (Exodus 25:23-30; Leviticus 24.5-9)

Verse 30 – And you shall set the bread of the Presence on the table before me continually.

Leviticus 24.8 – Every Sabbath day Aaron shall set them in order before the Lord regularly as a commitment of the Israelites, as a covenant forever.

Jesus observed the Lord’s Supper with his disciples, prior to his crucifixion and resurrection. The gift of the new covenant was revealed in the eating of the bread and drinking of the cup.

While they were eating, Jesus took a loaf of bread, and after blessing it he broke it, gave it to the disciples, and said, “Take, eat; this is my body.

Then he took a cup, and after giving thanks he gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you, for this is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins” (Matthew 26.26-28).

The Altar of Incense (Exodus 30.1-10)

Verses 7-8 – Aaron shall offer fragrant incense on it; every morning when he dresses the lamps he shall offer it,

And when Aaron sets up the lamps in the evening, he shall offer it, a regular incense offering before the Lord throughout your generations.

The Book of Revelation reveals the significance of incense.

When he had taken the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell before the Lamb, each holding a harp and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints (Revelation 5.8).

The Tablets of the Covenant (Exodus 26.16; Deuteronomy 10.1-5).

Exodus 25:16 – You shall put the covenant that I am giving you into the ark.

The Jar and Manna (Exodus 16:32-34; Numbers 17:10-11)

Exodus 16.33 – And Moses said to Aaron, “Take a jar, and put an omer of manna in it, and place it before the Lord, to be kept throughout your generations.”

Numbers 17:10-11 – And the Lord said to Moses, “Put back the staff of Aaron before the covenant, to be kept as a warning to rebels, so that you may make an end of their complaints against me, or else they will die.”

The commandments were the foundation of God’s covenant. The manna was evidence of God’s provision and the rod was the choice of Aaron as a priest.

The Ark of the Covenant (Exodus 25.10-17)

Verse 16 – You shall put the covenant that I am giving you into the ark.

Cherubim of Glory (Exodus 25:18-22; Psalm 80.1-2; Psalm 99.1-2)

Verse 22 – There I will meet with you, and from above the cover, from between the two cherubim that are on the ark of the covenant, I will tell you all that I am commanding you for the Israelites.

Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel,
you who lead Joseph like a flock!
You who are enthroned upon the cherubim, shine forth. (Psalm 80.1)

The Lord is king; let the peoples tremble!
He sits enthroned upon the cherubim; let the earth quake! (Psalm 99.1)

Everything that Jesus did in his life, death, and resurrection was to enable humans to meet with God.

Mercy Seat (Leviticus 16:1-19)

Verse 19 – He shall sprinkle some of the blood on it with his finger seven times and cleanse it and sanctify it from the uncleannesses of the Israelites.

Because of all that Jesus has done for us with his perfect sacrificial death, we can boldly approach God’s throne of grace that is prefigured in the Mercy Seat.

“Let us therefore approach the throne of grace with boldness, so that we may receive mercy and find grace to help in time of need” (Hebrews 4.16).

YouTube Video

Rudy Ross and I talk about Hebrews today on YouTube. You can see the video on the Bob Spradling channel.

I am indebted to Gareth Lee Cockerill’s commentary on Hebrews for the information contained in this blog.

Please email your prayer request to bsprad49@gmail.com. The Maywood prayer team will pray for you.

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